A way of writing that is understood by all web browsers is HTML: hypertext markup language. Since we don’t have the ability to do logical operations (loops, etc.) with HTML alone, it’s not technically a programming language.
Let’s see how we can get our browser to greet the world. We need to:
Now, if we want to open our new file in a browser, we have to tell it what kind of file to expect. To do this, we start our file with:
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> --> Everything goes in here <-- </html>
Every good webpage consists of a head and a body. The header (<head> to open and </head> to close) normally contains any meta-data. This could be name of the page or the inclusion of other files.
The body (<body> to open and </body> to close) is where all our content should go. So everything we type between the brackets will be displayed on our page.
<head> </head> <body> Hello world! </body>
Since our browser understands this language, we can instantly open our local index.html file and the browser will interpret our code as visual components.
HTML has more predefined elements that will vary in size and style. To divide the page into different section, we can create a division using <div> to open and </div> to close it.
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> --> meta-data (like page title, inclusion of other files) <-- </head> <body> <div>Hello world!</div> <div>Hello back!</div> </body> </html>
Create a folder that contains the file index.html (or download it). What seems to be the difference between <div>, <h1>, and <em>? What about the difference between two <div> elements and two <span> elements? Create a heading that is in italics. Never be afraid to google to find out how to use certain elements and find out about the syntax!